Gender and Girls Education

Gender and Girls' Education

SSA acknowledges that reaching out to the girl child is central to the efforts to universalise elementary education. SSA's focus on gender parity is rooted in the National Policy on Education and the POA(1986/92) which brought centre-stage the issue of gender and girls) education. More importantly, it linked education of women and girls to their empowerment. NPE states that education should be a transformative force, build women's self-confidence, and improve their position in society and challenge inequalities.In order to reach out to the girls some special schemes for girls have been initiated:

National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary level: The National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) is a focused intervention of Government of India, to reach the Hardest to Reach" girls, especially those not in school. NPEGEL is a separate, gender-distinct but integral component of SSA, which provides additional support for enhancing girls' education over and above the investments for girls' education through normai SSA interventions. NPEGEL is implemented in
Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) where the level of rural female literacy is less than the national average i.e. 46.13% (Census, 2001) and the gender gap in literacy is above the national average i.e. 21.67 % (Census, 2001); in blocks of districts which are not covered under EBBs but have at least 5% SC/ST population and where SC/ST female literacy is below 10%; and also in selected urban slums. To keep the emphasis on the programme as a distinct component of the SSA a separate account is maintained for NPEGEL. NPEGEL has been amended twice since its inception, first, in July, 2007 to provide for block focused projects for girls at risk/difficult circumstances, and later in December 2010to provide flexibility in devising and implementing need based interventions.

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